We now know that the precursors to the Chumashan tribes of Native Americans were here at least 10,000 years ago based upon new radiocarbon dating evidence from hearth remains with food and charcoal from the Conejo Valley. These early people were considered those who developed the earliest villages and temporary camping sites that eventually resulted in the regular establishment of "hunter-gatherer" lifeways, which included at least a partiial stay in the interior of the Ventura region, if not longer sojourns.

The current research being performed at local Universities as well as at the Stagecoach Museum Archaeological Testing program is confirming that the occupation of this Conejo Valley region is very old indeed!

Chumash Occupation

13,000 BC-1540 AD

Based upon testing on human remains from the nearby Channel Islands at Daisy Cave, we know that humans were inhabiting the islands off our coast from at least 13,000 years ago. The research currently ongoing at the Channel Islands brings us possibly the earliest evidence to date of human occupation in the Channel Islands and thus creates questions for the interior of the regions across from the islands: were there humans that crossed over to the mainland and then to the interior at a very early date? Our ongoing research appears to suggest that this did happen and as we have more results on the archaeological remains from the Conejo, we will be able to update our timelines in this early period of human use of our region.

Research at such places as Lang Ranch, Conejo Grade, Hidden Hills and the Oakbrook Park among others provides greater detail about the practices of these earliest people in the region.

Spanish Occupation

1540 - 

Spanish occupation of this region has historically been dated to about 1540, when Ulloa and his men sailed to the Channel Islands and discovered the coastal region of Ventura. The missionaries that accompanied Ulloa wrote detailed accounts of their trips, including eye-witness stories of the Native people and their lifestyles from that time.

Our earliest documents also from the Spanish include Land Grants, which were issued by the Governor of "New Spain" otherwise now known as California; our Museum contains copies of these grants, and the Ventura County Art Museum also contains copies and originals of early land deeds. 


Pioneer Period 


The arrival of Americans from the area of North America (U.S) occurred beginning around 1820-1830. A diverse group of Europeans also came out to California to settle here as well as those from the "Eastern area" of the United States; the West was considered any area west of the Mississippi River.

The clash of cultures that occurred partially originated from different lifeways- the Pioneers using the land for sheep and cattle; the Native Americans previously having used it for harvesting of seeds, acorns and other nut products, as well as hunting for smaller game.


1926 - 1969

Jungleland USA was one of Southern California's first theme parks. Wild animal shows entertained thousands in the 1940s and 1950s. Many television and movie productions used the park's trained animals and were filmed there, including Birth of a NationTarzan, and The Adventures of Robin Hood. Jungleland closed in May 1968, in part due to competition from other amusement parks such as Knott's Berry Farm and Disneyland. The Thousand Oaks Civic Arts Center today stands on the site of the park.

The Janss family, developers of Southern California subdivisions, purchased 10,000 acres (40 km2) in the early 20th century. They eventually created plans for a "total community" and the name remains prominently featured in the city.

Janss Family


The City of Thousand Oaks was incorporated on October 7, 1964,[13] the first incorporated city in the Conejo Valley.[14] Some sources mistakenly state that Thousand Oaks was incorporated on September 29, 1964, which was the date that voters approved the incorporation and selected the name.


1964 -